King Zhou in the Shang Dynasty

As the last king of the Shang dynasty (1600 B.C.-1046 B.C.), King Zhou was on the throne for 52 many years with Zi as his surname and Dixin as his posthumous title, and he was known as King Zhou (this means a cruel king) by King Wu (the founder of the Zhou dynasty). King Zhou selected Mo as the funds and renamed it to Chaoge (present Qi County in Henan Province) later.

The legend went as that the eldest son of King Diyi (father of King Zhou), Qi, was meant to just take the throne immediately after the dying of King Diyi, but he was deposed owing to the low social position of his mom, so Dixin (the 2nd elder son of King Diyi) ascended to the throne, who was recognized to the environment as King Zhou. It was recorded in Xunzi (the e book created by the renowned philosopher, Xun Zi) that: “He (Dixin) is quite handsome and exceptional, who can rival a hundred troopers in war”. In the Guide of Heritage prepared by Sima Qian from the Western Han dynasty (206-25) recorded that: “He (Dixin) is very clever and charming, who can battle from a tiger with bare palms.”

Wonderful relevance was attached to the agriculture business by King Zhou after his ascending the throne, which significantly stimulated the advancement in the social successful pressure and made the Shang Kingdom a lot more potent.

He was fairly warlike, and he released wars to aliens from the east and continued to expand his territory in Central China, extending his electric power over and above the Yangtze River area, and his victory more than Xu Yi in war laid a very good foundation for his influence on Shandong Province, Anhui Province, Zhejiang Province, Jiangsu Province and Fujian Province, guaranteeing the basic safety of the Shang dynasty. Chairman Mao appraised him as that: “He (Dixin) is a extremely capable king who was nicely versed in equally well mannered letters and martial arts, linking the Central China and the Southeast China by means of wars, and he contributed a good deal to the infusion amongst various ethnic groups of China.” The state-of-the-art manufacturing technological know-how and society were transmitted to the uncivilized Southeast China immediately after King Zhou’s great unification, which significantly promoted the social progress and the financial progress in this region.

He felt smug with his past achievements in his late reign, pumping millions of cash to build the vast Deer Paradise, magnificent wine pools and magnificent palaces and residing a superb way of existence, which resulted in an empty nation’s coffer. What was even even worse, he was too opinionated to pay attention to any person else, killing Bi Gan (the Chancellor and the uncle of Emperor Zhou), imprisoning Ji Zi and suppressing the commoners with tortures. When King Zhou despatched troop to suppress the aliens from the east yet again, he took no steps to guard versus the aliens from the west, and King Wu of the Zhou dynasty (770 B.C.-221 B.C.) took this opportunity to attack the Shang military by allying another 11 scaled-down kingdoms in 1046 B.C., defeating him in Muye Struggle. King Zhou committed suicide in the Deer Paradise, symbolizing the drop of the Shang dynasty.

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